The longer you have diabetes, and the less controlled your blood sugar, the higher the risk of complications.
Some of the complications can be disabling or even life-threatening.
But the foods you choose to eat in your daily diet can make a big difference, whether you’re living with diabetes or not.
Diabetes UK says the key to managing and preventing diabetes is a balanced diet.
Fruit and vegetables
Whether it’s fresh, frozen, dried and canned fruit in juice and canned vegetables, everyone should eat at least five portions a day, says Diabetes UK.
The charity suggests adding an apple, banana, or orange to your child’s lunchbox, eating sliced melon or grapefruit topped with low-fat yoghurt, or a handful of berries, or fresh dates, apricots or prunes for breakfast, and eating carrots, peas and green beans mixed up in a pasta bake.
Try and include starchy foods every day.
You could try potatoes any way you like, with the skin left on for valuable fibre, covered in a low-fat topping such as cottage cheese or beans. But don’t fry the potatoes.
Two slices of multigrain toast with a scraping of spread and Marmite or peanut butter, and rice, pasta or noodles in risottos, salad or stir-fries are some other options.
Diabetes diet: Eating a balanced diet can help manage and prevent diabetes